John McAfee talks to the media outside Beacon Hotel (Photo: Joe Raedle/Getty Images)

On October 3, 2018, nearly every cell phone in the United States received a daunting message, which was a test of the national Presidential Alert system. What ensued was concern, memes, and questions about privacy. Anitivirus software pioneer John McAfee caused a bit of a panic when he tweeted about security concerns regarding the Presidential Alert and E911 system. Before you get alarmed, we’ve explained certain details about John McAfee’s Presidential Alert tweets.

What Did John McAfee Tweet?

British-American computer programmer and businessman John McAfee campaigned in the 2016 presidential elections on the Libertarian ticket. Although he didn’t win, he set his sights on the next elections.

Since his presidential ambitions were ignited, McAfee has displayed outlandish Twitter activity, much like the current POTUS.

In the aftermath of the Presidential Alert test, John McAfee tweeted that the alerts can access the E911 chip in our phones. That, in turn, can give the carrier full access to data on our phone, according to him.

Now, everyone is talking about John McAfee’s E911 chip tweet.

A government system that can access our phones is an alarming privacy breach everyone fears. The response to his tweet was naturally frightening for many Twitter users.

McAfee went on to reply to some users’ queries. In response to whether there was any way to prevent this, McAfee said to use phone models that are older than five years.

But his tweet raised more questions than answers. What is the E911 chip and can it really be accessed by the Presidential Alert system? Who is the “they” and “them” he’s talking about?

How Does the Presidential Alert System Work?

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), in coordination with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), conducted the first-ever nationwide test of the Wireless Emergency Alert (WEA) system, which will send Presidential Alerts in times of emergencies. It’s the same system that’s used to send AMBER Alerts and weather warnings.

There’s no way to opt out of receiving Presidential Alert messages. You can, however, turn off AMBER Alerts or weather notifications on your phone. But If your cellphone is turned on and has at least one bar of reception, it’ll get a Presidential Alert.

Whatever jokes the Internet is making about President Trump sending texts to every phone in the country is slightly off the mark. This system has been in the works for decades and developed according to technological advancements. It’s not the president messaging you per se, but FEMA.

Naturally, there are concerns about the government sending you a text message whether you like it or not, especially in the generation of WikiLeaks and Cambridge Analytica. The fears of it being misused —as it happened in Hawaii a few months ago—is daunting.

But here’s the thing, the Presidential Alert is one-way communication. The emergency message is sent to service providers who redirect the message to every cell tower in a particular area or nationwide. The cell towers broadcast the message to every phone that is switched on and within range.

There’s no way for the WEA system to dig into your phone’s data and transmit information to the sending party.

McAfee doesn’t specify who is getting our information exactly, but our phones send data to mobile carriers regularly. It’s just not through the WEA.

Apps that politely ask permissions to access our location and data are more concerning than the WEA accessing the E911 system.

E911 Explained

McAfee is not wrong when he says that he’s the leading cybersecurity expert in the world. But he’s incorrect about the “E911 chip.”

There’s no such thing as an E911 “chip.” In actuality, it’s the E911 system or the Enhanced 911 system. It has to do with 911 dispatchers pinpointing the location of a 911 caller to send emergency responders.

Every phone in the country has the E911 function from the manufacturer’s end. But even then, it’s subject to certain conditions. The 911 dispatcher requires certain details for the service provider to give access to the phone’s location via GPS.

Furthermore, the WEA system for AMBER and Presidential Alerts is completely different from the E911 system. While the WEA system is designed for one-way broadcast to cell towers, E911 uses the built-in GPS in the 911 caller’s phone. Neither system can access a phone’s camera or microphone.

The E911 system has privacy concerns outside of the WEA system. Law enforcement agencies have used it to accurately pinpoint the location of a person, but they are only allowed to do so with a warrant.

Still, questions surrounding the Presidential Alerts remain unanswered.

McAfee is an expert in this field (eccentric tweets notwithstanding). So, he may be talking about the bigger picture here.

Maybe John McAfee will elaborate on the details beyond proving he has the mass appeal on Twitter to run for presidency…

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